ST. LOUIS COUNTY
In 1877, the voters in the City of St. Louis and the county of St. Louis voted to split the city from the county thereby making the City of St. Louis an independent city.
The sheriffs were elected to a four term by the voters of St. Louis County. The county charter restricted a sheriff to run for a second term. In 1949, Sheriff Arthur Mosley who was elected in 1945 persuaded the Missouri law makers to change the law and allow a sheriff to succeed themselves.
In 1955, the primary law enforcement responsibility for the county was changed from the Sheriff’s Department to the newly created St. Louis County Police Department. The county voters approved this measure in 1954. The Sheriff’s only responsibility was to the courts. They had no police powers.
In 1968 the elected position for the sheriff was changed to an appointed position. Fred Joseph was the first appointed Sheriff for St. Louis County in 1968.